Retaining Works: theory and applications in construction

Denise M. S. Gerscovich , Robson Palhas Saramago , Bernadete Ragoni Danziger

Retaining works: theory and applications in construction deals, with property, with a classic area of Geotechnical Engineering, the project and construction of retaining works. In a theoretical first part, the work deals with the estimation of earth pressure, in different conditions imposed by the work: retaining structures and constructive sequence, with special attention to the excavations in Chapter 4.


The fundamental role of investigations for retaining works is highlighted in Chapter 5, making way for the second part that deals with applications. Retaining walls and retaining works of the most different types and materials, traditional and unconventional like reinforced soil, and anchored walls. The movements associated with excavations and the bottom of excavation, the stability check and the dimensioning of the retaining structures evaluated are presented. Constructive details, which make the difference to the success of a work, enrich the knowledge of those who design and build a work of retaining.


A book that discusses classic methods and recent advances, with several examples of calculation and numerous didactic illustrations for the structures presented, Retaining works is an important source of theoretical and practical information for students and professionals of Engineering.


Equations, graphs and tables were reviewed for this 2nd edition, which was also updated according to the ABNT standard NBR 5629:2018 related to rods anchored to the ground.

Original title
Contenções: teoria e aplicações em obras
Year of publication

About the authors

Denise M. S. Gerscovich

Denise M. S. Gerscovich holds a degree in Civil Engineering and a Masters and PhD in Soil Mechanics from the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro. She is an Associate Professor in the Department of Structures and Foundations and a member of the Graduate Program in Civil Engineering at Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ).

Robson Palhas Saramago

Robson Palhas Saramago holds a degree in Civil Engineering from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) and a Masters and PhD from the same university. He worked as president of the Technical Committee of Slopes of the Brazilian Association of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering between 2013 and 2014 and sub-head of the Technical Division of Geotechnics of the Engineering Club between 2013 and 2015. He is an Adjunct Professor at Fluminense Federal University (UFF) and partner and technical manager of Terrae Engenharia.

Bernadete Ragoni Danziger

Bernadete Ragoni Danziger holds a degree in Civil Engineering from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, a Masters and PhD from the same university and a postdoctoral degree from NGI. She worked at Franki from 1975 to 1987 and at Dolphin Engenharia from 1987 to 1990. From 1992 to 2004 she was a professor at Fluminense Federal University and since 2004 she has been an Associate Professor at Rio de Janeiro State University.